Baristas: the coffee artists

KAPA REYNOLDS

If this word is commonly usedé in Anglo-Saxon countries and in Italy for désign a person spécaf specialisté, the méthird of this caf sommelieré remain relatively méknown to the general public Françwoes.

From the almost complete torréfaction à the PRéparation and à the development of cafés, passing through the formations nénecessary to become a Barista, délet's cover this pretty profession together où artistic know-how constitutes the'one of the most famous facets of méanimal.

The barista, a passionate artist

In Italian, the word barista means "bartender". Yet the barista, in a coffee shop is more than just a server. It is to espresso, cappuccino and Slow Coffee, what the sommelier is to wine, because he knows the universe, the different vintages and specialties and the varieties.

The baristas, in addition to a perfect knowledge of specialty coffees, perfectly master the difféannuities espresso machines, filters and mills à grains, to extract the maximum possible flavor and révéler to the fair all the arômy coffeeé séselectioné. Between the grain torréfié and the cup of coffeeé, coffee makers canètooth indeed, a véritable know-how combining technicality (in particular for roasting and'coffee extractione), sense of service and creativity.

Baristas are true enthusiasts, knowing how to choose the best grains to meet the aromas desired by their customers and adjust the densityé to achieve un café more or less full-bodied. In addition to its knowledge of extraction, sensory analysis, etc., most of the cafethird parties are also endowed with a strong sensitivityartistic and of great dexterity, allowing them to achieve magnificent Latte Art.

There are d'elsewhere important compétitions bringing together the best baristas from around the world, such as the World barista championship or the French championships Cup Tasters, Brewer's Cup and Roasting. These évéevents allow candidates toéshow their expertise and leading to great opportunitiesés professional.

“As in cooking, roasting is cooking. It's a highly technical art in which you also need a lot of sensitivity and a bit of magic. ”
Alain Ducasse

How to become a barista?

The Barista has for some yearséare the wind in their sails in France and many are the postulants to the métier. While everyone has their own history and personal journey, there is no'there is no clear pathé to become a barista, know that many barista training are dispensedéare within'edschools spécialisées, in France or à l'edforeigner. We N'we will name only two, but you will be able toès certainly find dozens of'others on search engines, mostly intégrées à coffee brandsé.

The famous Latte Art made by the Baristas.

So, the SCA (Specialty Coffee Association) cronee in 2005, which representséfeel the diff professionalséfili annuitiesècoffee resé in the world, offers éalso the possibilityé to train in métier and acquélaugh oneémore in-depth hension of coffee world.

In France, the Caféothèthat située à Paris is à both a space ofédié to la roasting and sale of coffees, but also offers a professional training of 30 hours to learn the basics of barista profession. Barista roaster training allows to'acquélaugh at solid compétechnical skills but also théorics like l'analysis of coffee quality, éstudy the production specifications à the cup, connaîbe scrupulously the conditions éecological and géographic in which have été cultivés the beans from coffee trees to be able to advise the client as well as possibleèthem.

Whateveréschool or training chosen, if you want to train yourself to achieve good coffeeés, know that you will need to technicalityé (transformation, cooking of beans in coffeeé torréfié, machine maintenance), d'analysis and d'a commercial spirit (for éstudy the marketé, choose the right products, réalign and follow a business plan).

You are not a barista, but you still want make an excellent coffee at home ? No problem ! At Kabioca, all the work of the baristas is locked in our natural and biodegradable capsules, specially designed for release the best of coffee aromas in your cup. Our organic coffees from fair trade, will give you a moment of pause with subtle tastes.

plus

History of coffee: coffee arrives in Europe

KAPA REYNOLDS

It has been a little over 4 centuries since coffee arrived on the European continent. If the consumption of these small grains has spread to the whole world and is now part of our daily life, it has not always been so. Let's discover together the origins of coffee in Europe.

Coffee and the Muslim world

After the discovery and cultivation of coffee trees in Yemen, the sultan of the Ottoman Empire who then reigned over a large part of the Mediterranean basin, Suleiman the Magnificent, undertook to domesticate the cultivation of coffee cherries and to control their roasting. The Ottoman people, in fact, regularly consumed coffee and the popularity of the nectar began to spread beyond its borders. 

It was in the 16th century that the first cafes emerged along the Mediterranean rim, the Middle East and neighboring regions of Mecca.. The introduction of coffee to the Islamic world, however, required a cultural consensus to determine whether the beverage was toxic or not and whether the beverage conformed to the Koran. 

Photo credit: museum Rijksmuseum

Driven by pilgrims and Muslim mystics and by the prohibition of alcohol, places of conviviality called " coffee houses »Gained more and more ground. Thereby, this drink called K'hawah met with great success in the Muslim world.

Introduction of coffee in Central Europe

Next, at the beginning of the 17th century, the Venetians, specialized in the spice trade between the East and Europe, imported coffee to Italy. Very popular in Venice, the coffee was still subject to controversy and some advisers of Pope Clement VIII asked him to ban it, declaring the drink unfaithful. Indeed, coffee beans, coming from Muslim countries were viewed with a negative eye by the various cardinals surrounding the pontiff. However, after tasting it, he finally decided to democratize his consumption et encouraged the monks to consume it. 

The oldest café in Europe, Café Florian located in Venice, Italy.
Photo Credit: Adobe Stock Photo

 

It was not until the end of the 17th century that England also began to import coffee, and English intellectuals met to discuss philosophy over coffee. From Cairo to Paris, via Constantinople, from many establishments dedicated to coffee opened like so many meeting places frequented by artists and intellectuals, like Montesquieu and Diderot.

Charles II, then King of England, took fright and declared the closure of these places where liberal ideas and pamphlets were shared between the various protesters of the time. However, in front of the people's mazarinade, the ban was quickly lifted, and so England counted 50 years later, nearly 2 cafes spread over the whole of British territory.

Arrival of coffee in France

The arrival of coffee in France, for its part, dates from 1644. Introduced from Egypt, in Marseille, thanks to a Marseille merchant, its consumption quickly democratized. And so was born, in 1671 the first public café offering coffee in the district of "La loge" of the Phocaean city. (now the stock exchange district, located between the Old Port and Belsunce).

A café in Montmartre in Paris during the 50s
Adobe Stock Photo Photo Credit

It was not until 1669 that the precious coffee beans arrived in the French capital. Paris did not experience its first roasted coffee beans until after the visit of Solimane Aga, emissary of Mehmed IV, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. The latter, despite the failure of the attempted rapprochement between France and Turkey, offered King Louis XIV to taste the famous drink which had been spreading for several years in the various European courts.

Cheaper than chocolate, coffee will definitely be adopted by all social strata in the 19th century and the cup of black coffee, in the morning, will stand out as a classic, replacing the traditional soup.

plus

History of coffee: the birth of the first coffees

KAPA REYNOLDS

Every morning millions of people start their day with a cup of coffee, but do you know the story behind this globally consumed drink? Discover the mysterious and legendary history of the most consumed drink in the world after water.

The master of the Sufis Ali ben Omar al-Shadili in Ethiopia

There are different stories relating to the discovery of coffee. The first legend suggests that the true origin of the coffee cherry would come from Ethiopia, in the region of Kaffa. The master of the mystical order of the Sufis, Ali ben Omar al-Shadili, also nicknamed the "saint of Moka" would indeed have found berries during an exile in the desert. He would one day have offered a drink made up of coffee cherries infused in hot water, to the captain of an Indian ship. The latter would then have appreciated the flavor of the coffee.

The story also goes that the Yemenis would have taken Ethiopian coffee plants in the 12th century, to carry out a roasted coffee trade in the Harrar, a veritable market place and historical center of the development of Islam.

The Khaldi shepherd and his goats in Yemen

Coffee farm in Yemen

If the real origins of the first coffee are unknown, another legend also feeds popular beliefs. It is that of the Kahldi shepherd of Abyssinia in the 8th century. The story goes that the first coffee was arguably grown in Yemen after being discovered by a shepherd who used to graze his goats in the Jebel Sabor, in the highlands of Yemen.

It was then that he noticed one day that his animals seemed much more lively than usual, that they were frolicking and jumping everywhere, day and night. After observing them for several days, he noticed that they were feasting on small red berries that looked like cherries. These came from a shrub: the coffee tree.

Intrigued, the shepherd then made the decision to bring his famous treasure back to the monastery of Cheodet to tell the monks of the city about his remarkable discovery. The monks decided to boil the cherries from the coffee tree in water to drink the beverage.

Some time later, the monks Sciadli and Aydrus, in charge of the harvest of coffee kernels were surprised by the rain and placed the damp coffee branches in the hearth of the fireplace to dry them during prayer. When they returned, the roasted cherry pits had spread a delicious smell in the room. The monks decided to reduce the cherries to powder before infusing them in hot water. And that's how the first would be born roasted coffee.

Coffee has a somewhat vague origin

A coffee tree and its fruit

The history of the origin of coffee remains relatively unclear even if everything suggests that it is in Ethiopia that the first coffee plant was born in 850 AD, Koffea Arabica.

As in all legends, we will surely never know what the true origin of the coffee cherry is. Some see the root and origin of the word coffee in Kaffa, name of a historical region in Ethiopia, others in qahwa (wine in Arabic) or even in ka et afa (contraction of "God" and "plants of the earth").

If it is difficult to know which is the most authentic story and to precisely locate its origin, that caffeine drink nonetheless remains the most consumed with nearly 400 billion cups of coffee drunk each year, that's over 1 coffees every second across the world!

plus