If coffee is alongside cocoa, one of the most traded commodities in the world, it is also the most consumed drink after water. Today, nearly 75% of coffee production in exporting countries is destined for the world market. Some countries drink more than others. Let's detail them world coffee exports and consuming countries.
Coffee producing and exporting countries
Almost all of the world's coffee production is produced in the tropics and subtropics, and therefore for the most part in developing or underdeveloped countries. The export of green coffee constitutes an extremely important financial windfall for these countries whose cultivation and production are a huge vector of jobs.
The coffee economy constitutes a considerable stake since it would today support nearly 25 million people across the globe, mainly small producers. Its transformation and distribution would generate around 100 million jobs!
According to a study by theEuropean statistical institute Eurostat, in 2018, most coffees imported into Europe mainly come from two countries. Brazil remains the main exporter of coffee, with more than 900 tonnes imported (representing 000% of total coffee imports in Europe), although its share is declining in the face of competition from other countries such as Vietnam, which exported to Europe around 29 tonnes of green coffee ( i.e. 770%).
Other countries also follow, such as Honduras with 228 tonnes (000%), Colombia with 7 tonnes (173%), Uganda with 000 tonnes (6%), India with 161 tonnes ( 000%), Peru with 5 tonnes (157%) and Ethiopia with 000 tonnes (5%).
Coffee consumption by country in figures
If we know the pronounced taste of Italians for the traditional All espresso brewing methods, know that Italy is not the first coffee consuming country in the world, far from it! The inhabitants of the Netherlands beat the Italians and the French flatly with 8,3 kg of coffee swallowed per year, per capita according to a study on the average coffee consumption carried out by the Statista institute in 2020.
The Italians are thus ranked tenth, while the French are only fifteenth on the podium, almost tied with the United States. Mexicans, for their part, major coffee producers with 270 tons produced in 000, however consume only 2020 kilos each year!
Here are the results of the ranking in kilos, per capita in countries where consumption exceeds 3 kilos per year:
Coffee, a flagship fair trade product
Chosen as a symbol of fair trade, the cultivation of certified fair trade coffee allows through the establishment of networks of small farmers, improve the living conditions of several hundred thousand people to prevent them from plunging into poverty.
Buyers importing fair trade coffee undertake to buy the coffee beans at a fair price even if the purchase price and world prices are below the defined threshold. This better remuneration and stabilization of prices paid to cooperatives associated with a purchase guarantee for several years provide financial security to small producers.
In addition to allowing producers to benefit up to double the price paid on traditional local markets, end consumers of fair trade coffee today guarantee the payment of development premiums intended to finance food programs, health care systems or education around the world.
Fair trade in coffee thus aims to establish fairer trade rules for everyone and reduce the impact of coffee production on the environment.