Both from Africa, Arabica and Robusta are also the most popular and cultivated coffees in the world. But what are the differences between Arabica and Robusta? What is the best coffee? Kabioca reveals in detail the origins and flavors of these two species of coffee.
The difference between Arabica and Robusta
If their origins are common and both species of coffee come from Africa, Arabica coffee comes from the Ethiopian highlands, while the Robusta coffee grows in the Congolese forest, in Côte d'Ivoire and also in Uganda. Vietnam is also positioned today as the largest exporter of Robusta.
Arabica coffee, rich in aromas
Arabica coffee comes from the most widespread species of coffee tree in the world, located as the name suggests, from the peninsula arabic. It is indeed, at Yemen that the first café would have seen the light of day and that Arabica would have been eaten and tasted for the first time. It exists today nearly 200 kinds of Arabica listed in different varieties such as Maragogype or Moka, themselves split into several types such as Djimmah, Sidamo or Harrar ...
Le coffee tree Arabica, native to Yemen, is a slender tree growing gently in the highlands, between 800 and 2000 meters above sea level on soils rich in minerals (essential elements for its remarkable aromas). Arabica coffee likes mild, humid and shady climates and fears harsh climatic zones. It definitely prefers mild temperatures, between 15 and 24 ° C. Cultivation of Arabica coffee trees requires a lot of humidity and shadow areas. It is for this reason that one often finds large trees in the middle of Arabica plantations in order to protect them from heat and sun, while maintaining a good level of humidity.
More fragile than Robusta, the Arabica tree produces coffee beans that are low in caffeine (between 1,2 to 1,5%). Its oval and elongated beans, red, purple or yellow in color, offer fine, varied and pronounced aromas.
So, less full-bodied than the aromas of Robusta, Arabica coffee brings great finesse in the mouth and more developed aromas that suit more coffee lovers. Arabica coffee also represents 2/3 of coffee production in the world!
The most famous varieties of Arabica coffee are: Bourbon coffee from Brazil, Middle East, India and Indonesia and also Typica coffee from Latin America, closely followed by Tico, Blue Mountain , the Mundo Novo, the Caturra and the San Ramon.
TO KNOW : The top 5 Arabica coffee producing countries are Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Ethiopia and Guatemala.
Arabica or Robusta, which one to choose?
Each type of coffee has its own aromas and character. Their flavors come from the climate, soil, altitude and how the grains have been dried and the way they were roasted by the roaster. So there really are differences between these two types of coffee and it is very difficult to know which is the best coffee. It all depends on your palate, your tastes and your caffeine needs.
If you feel like you want to take the French people tend to prefer Arabica for its aromas and finesse, Italians favor the power and intensity of a good espresso made with Robusta.
Now that you know the difference between arabisa and Robusta, know that it is above all a matter of taste, but the main objective is to make you happy!