As you probably know, coffee is the second most consumed drink around the world, just after water. The coffee consumption figures speak for themselves : Those are 2,6 billion cups of coffee which are drunk daily across the world, and nothing but for France it is 2,3 million cups of coffee drunk daily!
Through this article, we will introduce you to the different appellations and traditions of coffee around the world. Let's start this file with the old continent: Europe.
Europe: a continent of diversity in coffee consumption!
France and its hazelnut coffee
In France, we drink a express or a nutty coffee. Very often called "little black" by the working classes of the 50s / 60s, this term has since practically disappeared. Traditionally, the French breakfast begins with a large bowl of latte, served with toast.
Italian coffee: a real institution
In the European imagination, Italian coffee holds a special place. Indeed, Italians often talk about coffee like the great French sommeliers do, all in gesture and passion! Traditionally Italians drink a ristretto, a very strong coffee. However, for several years, the Cappuccino with creamy milk foam or the marocchino coffee-based short frothed milk and cocoa powder, tend to grow more and more.
Portuguese coffee: discover Galão.
Like the café au lait or Caffè Latte, the Lusitanian specialty uses the codes which have been proven, namely: ¼ of Espresso and ¾ of milk foam. Small subtlety, during its preparation, you must first pour the milk foam prepared upstream in a large glass via the steam jet of the coffee maker. Once this is done, all you have to do is pour in the espresso and then enjoy!
Austrian coffee: Vienna and its legendary café
The Viennese coffee is certainly one of the most famous coffee in Europe. The latter is composed of a single or double espresso, all topped with whipped milk with whipped cream, with a final touch of fine chocolate shavings sprinkled on top of the cream. A real institution in Austria, to such an extent that the “Viennese coffee culture” has been elevated to the rank of “Intangible cultural heritage” with UNESCO since 2011!
Turkish coffee: influence in Southern and Eastern Europe and in the Middle East
He is preparing in the coffee pot, typical copper and brass vessel with a long handle. To prepare it, you must obtain very fine ground coffee. Tradition provides for the use of a brass mill, so as to obtain an impalpable powder such as icing sugar.
It is drunk in small and low cups, once the powder has settled completely. The tradition wants that after its consumption, one overturns the cup on the saucer to read the future in the patterns left by coffee grounds.
Finnish coffee: the most original!
Probably one of the most original cafes for the French that we are. The Kaffeost is a recipe born in Kainuu, Finland. This coffee consists of a coffee mixed with cheese cubes traditional Finnish.
Once the coffee is drunk, we taste the melted cheese with a spoon. A surprising tradition from northern Europe that does not lack originality!
Greek coffee: drink it all day long
Greek coffee is made in a small copper saucepan called Briki, wide at the bottom, narrower at the top and with a long straight handle. It is essential that the Briki is narrower at the top as this allows the coffee to boil quickly.
The coffee used is a specially ground coffee that is sugared at the time of preparation according to its taste. Greek coffee can be served in 4 different ways:
- Sketos: sugar free
- Metrios: medium, slightly sweet
- Varys glykos: strong and very sweet
- Glykos vrastos: very sweet and boiled
This type of coffee is very often accompanied by Turkish delight, small cookies or candied fruit.
Stay tuned: next week we will show you how coffee is savored on the 4 other continents: America, Asia, Africa and Oceania will be in the spotlight!