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Arabica or Robusta: which coffee to choose?

Arabica or robusta: which coffee to choose?

Both from Africa, Arabica and Robusta are also the most popular and cultivated coffees in the world. But what are the differences between Arabica and Robusta? What is the best coffee? Kabioca reveals in detail the origins and flavors of these two species of coffee.


The difference between Arabica and Robusta

If their origins are common and both species of coffee come from Africa, Arabica coffee comes from the Ethiopian highlands, while the Robusta coffee grows in the Congolese forest, in Côte d'Ivoire and also in Uganda. Vietnam is also now positioned as the largest exporter of Robusta.


Arabica coffee, rich in aromas

This coffee comes from the most widespread species of coffee tree in the world, originating, as its name suggests, in the peninsula arabic. It is indeed in Yemen that the 1st coffee would have seen the light of day and that Arabica would have been consumed and tasted for the first time. It exists today nearly 200 kinds of Arabica listed in different varieties such as Maragogype or Moka, themselves split into several types such as Djimmah, Sidamo or Harrar ...

Le coffee tree d'Arabica, native to Yemen, is a thin tree growing gently on the high plateaus, between 800 and 2000 meters above sea level on soils rich in minerals (essential elements for its remarkable aromas). Arabica coffee likes mild, humid and shady climates and fears difficult climatic zones. It definitely prefers mild temperatures, between 15 and 24°C. The cultivation of these coffee trees nécessite beaucoup d’humidité et de zones d’ombre. C’est à ce titre que l’on retrouve souvent de grands arbres au milieu des plantations d’Arabica afin de les protéger de la chaleur et du soleil, tout en conservant un bon taux d’hygrométrie.

More fragile than Robusta, the Arabica tree produces coffee beans that are low in caffeine (between 1,2 to 1,5%). Its oval and elongated beans, red, purple or yellow, offer fine, varied and pronounced aromas.

So, less full-bodied than Robusta, Arabica coffee brings great finesse in the mouth and more developed aromas that suit more coffee lovers. It also represents 2/3 of coffee production in the world!

The most famous varieties of Arabica coffee are: Bourbon coffee from Brazil, Middle East, India and Indonesia and also Typica coffee from Latin America, closely followed by Tico, Blue Mountain , the Mundo Novo, the Caturra and the San Ramon.

TO KNOW : The top 5 Arabica coffee producing countries are Brazil, Colombia, Mexico, Ethiopia and Guatemala.


Arabica or Robusta, which one to choose? 

Each type of coffee has its own aromas and character. Their flavors vary according to the climate, the soil, the altitude, the way in which the grains were dried and the way they were roasted by the roaster. There are therefore real differences between these two species of coffee and it is very difficult to know which is the best coffee. It all depends on your palate and your tastes. It is not essential to make a choice, since these two types of coffee complement each other perfectly. It is therefore not uncommon to consume a mixture of Arabica and Robusta. Our Intenso coffee, for example, is made from 80% Arabica, to which 20% Robusta is added, to give it this particular character: a fruity and flowery flavor, coupled with lush acidity.

If you feel like you want to take the French people tend to prefer Arabica for its aromas and finesse, Italians favor the power and intensity of a good espresso made with Robusta.

Now that you know the difference between Arabica and Robusta, know that it is above all a matter of taste, but the main objective remains to please you!

Discover our full range of Robusta and Arabica coffees. 

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